The University of Maryland Introduces the First Cannabis Master’s Program

Cannabis Degree

Are you interested in a career working with cannabis patients, advancing cannabis science, or becoming a medical cannabis policymaker? Or maybe you’re curious about studying cannabis in college. Well, we’ve got great news because you can now earn an advanced degree in the medical cannabis field from an accredited university.

The University of Maryland School of Pharmacy (UMSOP) created the first master’s program in the US that focuses on the healing power of cannabis. Here’s everything you need to know about this huge leap in cannabis education.

MS in Medical Cannabis Science and Therapeutics

UMSOP has created the country’s first graduate program focused on the study of medical cannabis. It’s designed to give students the skills and knowledge to support medical cannabis patients, add to the body of knowledge in the field, and to advance medical cannabis policy.

Cannabis Degree 1

Courses will be led by faculty that are experts in both basic and clinical medicine cannabis science, and who are passionate about advancing the field. Students who complete the program will earn a Master of Science in Medical Cannabis Science and Therapeutics from the School of Pharmacy.

A Cannabis Degree Designed for Everyone

The two-year degree is available to applicants from a wide range of backgrounds and career interests, including health care providers, scientists, researchers, dispensary owners, cannabis growers, and policymakers. It’s designed to educate the full range of the cannabis workforce.  

Don’t live in Maryland? That’s OK because the coursework is primarily online. It’s accessible to a wide range of people, including non-traditional students and those who work full time. In addition to the online classes, the University will host an on-campus symposium every semester which students are required to attend. The event will provide opportunities for students to meet and interact with cannabis professionals, and give recruiters access to industry-educated applicants.

Cannabis Degree 3

The degree will focus on the basics of cannabis science for medical and clinical use, as well as the patchy maze of state and federal policies that govern the industry. It will cover topics like cannabis history, culture, and regulation, as well as disease treatment. Students will also have the opportunity to adapt their education to their specific field of interest by choosing four elective courses.

Cannabis in the Classroom?

Due to the complicated legal framework of medical cannabis, students won’t actually be touching the flower as a part of the coursework. Instead, they’ll use a hands-off approach that takes advantage of photo technology to analyze the physical aspects of the plant. And while the curriculum won’t require a written thesis, students will need to complete advanced coursework, including expert seminars, discussions, and case studies.

Cannabis Degree 2

While a few universities offer cannabis classes, UMSOP’s program will be the first fully accredited graduate program for medical cannabis education. Tuition is expected to be $20,785.20 for Maryland residents and $25,621.2 for those who live out-of-state. Applications are being accepted up until August 15, 2019, with classes beginning August 26th.

If you are interested in a degree that’s focused on medical cannabis, therapeutics, and policy, this could be the opportunity you’ve been waiting for.

If you are interested in learning more about medical cannabis, we’d love to help. Schedule an appointment today or drop by. We’re happy to answer all of your questions.

Vendor Spotlight: gLeaf


Established in 2014 by founder Philip Goldberg, gLeaf distributes high-quality cannabis products to over 25 dispensaries in Maryland. gLeaf has long fought to bring medical cannabis to the state. Before becoming gLeaf, the collective was known as Green Leaf Medical and worked to change marijuana laws by testifying at commissions and senate hearings and by lobbying to change possession laws for Maryland patients. 

Vendor Spotlight: gLeaf – Maryland’s Own

Gleaf 1

gLeaf is dedicated to producing high-quality cannabis strains in their state-of-the-art indoor growing facility. The company has dedicated itself to producing superior flower, trim, and whole plants for processing and sale across the state. Quality and professionalism are top priorities for this local brand—something we can definitely stand behind. gLeaf’s professional staff is comprised of Maryland residents who have years of experience growing and processing cannabis.

What Strains Does gLeaf Specialize In?

gLeaf’s strains are recognized and revered across the state. Don’t believe us? Just look at what some Maryland dispensary operators were saying about the brand’s lineup of exotic strains last year. It seems the hardest problem for dispensaries is keeping these strains in stock! So what exactly does gLeaf grow?

gLeaf Sour Diesel

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gLeaf’s take on this legendary strain is flying off store shelves! Sour D is a sativa-dominant hybrid with a sativa/indica ratio of 80:20. You can bet that Sour Diesel will produce an energizing and stimulating buzz with every puff. This is an excellent daytime or ‘wake and bake’ strain that will never ‘couch-lock’ you or leave you feeling overly sedated. This strain is a must-try for Maryland sativa lovers!

gLeaf Honey Banana

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Honey Bananas is a rare hybrid strain that is derived from a cross between the strains Strawberry Banana and Honey Boo Boo. As its name implies, this strain is quite flavourful. Fruity, honey, and candy tones are all featured in the aroma of this strain. Moreover, as a 50/50 hybrid, its balanced genetics allow it to produce a delicate balance of sativa and indica effects. Thanks to these balanced effects, gLeaf’s Honey Banana is a great choice for both daytime and nighttime smokers, as well as beginners. 

gLeaf Blue Cheese

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Blue Cheese is an indica-dominant hybrid boasting a 20/80 sativa/indica ratio and THC levels that can soar as high as 20%. This unique strain was created by crossing two strains of opposite flavors, Blueberry and U.K. Cheese. The resulting flavor is a mix between blueberries and blue cheese that is sure to please the senses. This strain’s indica effects are very apparent in it’s sedating body high. Because of these strong narcotic-like effects, Blue Cheese is a superb medical marijuana strain.

gLeaf LA Chocolat

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This rare strain was created by crossing west-coast legends LA Confidential and Chocolope. As you can probably tell by its name, LA Chocolat features hints of cocoa and coffee along with nutty and earthy undertones. This 40/60 indica-dominant hybrid is best left for afternoons or nights. LA Chocolat’s range of stimulating sativa effects are usually overpowered by its sedating and calming indica effects. 

What Does The Future Hold For gLeaf?

Beer! Specifically, marijuana-infused beer. 

gLeaf has recently partnered with local brewer Flying Dog Brewery (Frederickton, MA) in order to develop a cannabis-infused IPA beer. The beer is expected to be non-alcoholic and will provide Maryland residents with yet another way to consume cannabis without the health risks associated with smoking and vaping. 

If you would like to shop for gLeaf products in stock right now, check out our online dispensary menu for Maryland medical marijuana patients!

Is the THC in Edibles Different than in Other Products?

THC in edibles

With so many choices in cannabis consumption, it isn’t hard to find something that works for your preferences and lifestyle. For those who want to avoid inhalation methods, edibles make a great alternative. The only downside is that edibles can create a situation where it’s easy to overdo it, and they can sometimes feel much stronger than other consumption methods. In this article, we’ll go over the reason edibles can sometimes feel so strong and if the THC in edibles is different than THC found in other consumption methods.

Edibles and Temptation

These days, cannabis edibles come in so many delicious forms, from discreet mints to easy to imbibe beverages. It’s hard not to indulge quickly and reach for the next treat. Here’s the thing: cannabis has a delayed action when it passes through the digestive system, and edibles make it tempting to take another bite of that delicious goodie before you feel the effects. This often causes people to accidentally eat very high doses of THC, potentially causing a negative experience. But is the dosage to blame for the way edibles seem to cause a different reaction than other methods of consumption? Maybe not.

THC in edibles 1

Is the THC in Edibles Different?

People who can enjoy smoking high-THC cannabis and go about their day sometimes find that eating cannabis makes them feel an overpowering sense of detachment from their body. Even though cannabis is considered safe, large doses of edibles can feel scary even to seasoned consumers and bring a heightened sense of delusion. One theory is that the body processes edibles and inhaled cannabis into two different substances, which can affect the mind in completely different ways.

Some scientists think the difference comes down to the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis – THC. When you inhale cannabis, the compound that hits your bloodstream is delta-9 THC. The cannabis you eat, on the other hand, ends up being processed by your liver into a different compound called 11-hydroxy THC. While these two forms of THC are similar to each other, the small difference means they affect your brain in dramatically contrasting ways. When 11-hydroxy THC crosses the blood-brain barrier, it is far more potent and creates a more intense experience than delta-9 THC.

THC in edibles 2

The reason?

Researchers think that the 11-hydroxy THC molecule can activate some cannabinoid receptors more fully than delta-9 can. This can lead to cannabinoid receptors becoming overstimulated and cause a situation where reactions like anxiety and paranoids are more prevalent.

While there is some research to support the theory that 11-hydroxy THC is more potent, other unpublished studies have shown that the two compounds are more or less equivalent. If so, then what causes edibles to affect people more strongly? One idea is simply that more THC of any kind gets into the body when cannabis is eaten, rather than smoked.

How to Avoid Feeling too Intoxicated

Regardless of which theory is correct, there are some steps you take to avoid overdoing it with edibles. Try starting with no more than 2 mg of THC, which is going to be much lower than the dose in most single-dose edibles. The idea is to work up slowly by taking a small about and not consuming more until the effects are fully felt. This takes a little bit of self-control, but the effort is worth it to ensure a positive cannabis experience.

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Are you interested in finding out more about cannabis edibles and how to use them? Come check out our wide selection and let our knowledgeable staff help you find edibles that will work perfectly for you!

How Does CBD Make you Feel?

How Does CBD Make You Feel

You’ve probably heard about Charlotte. She’s the little girl from Colorado who has Dravet’s Syndrome and went from suffering hundreds of seizures per week to just one when her parents tried treating her with cannabidiol (CBD). Since her success, the popularity of this cannabinoid has skyrocketed. But how does CBD make you feel? 

Perhaps you tried cannabis once upon a time and had a miserable and paranoid experience, and though you could use some relief…it just doesn’t feel worth it to try it again. Well, I’ve got good news. Even though it still comes from cannabis, CBD will not get you high. 

Cannabinoids: The Key to Canna-healing

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is located throughout our bodies, and its job is to create homeostasis between all the other systems. Our bodies make endocannabinoids, which fit right into the ECS like a lock and key. However, cannabinoids from the cannabis plant also fit into these receptors – and sometimes they can be an even better fit. 

How Does CBD Make You Feel 1

CBD May Be a Powerful Healer

CBD, like other cannabinoids, works with various parts of the ECS, so it is reputed to have a wide variety of medicinal effects. It’s important to understand that CBD’s effects are not some kind of “miracle cure,” they’re simply the body engaging the ECS to create balance within its various systems. 

How Does CBD Make you Feel?

If you’re taking pure CBD, it will not get you high. Its effects are different for different people, but they are often described with words and phrases like: calming, clear-headed, and improved mood. Though some users and patients do say that it makes them sleepy, many others say it helps them sleep when they lie down, but that they don’t notice a sleepy feeling beforehand.

How Does CBD Make You Feel 2

Like other non-psychoactive cannabinoids, CBD is more something that you notice when you don’t take it. Since it can treat symptoms without having many side effects, the return of symptoms is more noticeable than how the CBD makes you feel in the minutes and hours after taking it. In addition to possible drowsiness, other potential side effects are dry mouth, low blood pressure, and lightheadedness.

How to Get Started

It seems like you can find CBD products just about everywhere now. But not all CBD products are of the same caliber. While hemp-derived CBD products can be sold legally across the U.S., cannabis-derived CBD products cannot. This means that many people don’t have the benefit of purchasing safe, lab-tested CBD products from a reputable dispensary. 

How Does CBD Make You Feel 3

If you’re interested in trying CBD for yourself, keep in mind that hemp-derived CBD is not currently held to any standard by any governing agency, from the FDA on down. On the other hand, cannabis-derived CBD, whether in edibles, oils, or vape cartridges, are held to the same standard as other cannabis products.

You can find lab-tested, high-CBD products at your favorite Columbia dispensary. Stop by or order online now.

The Latest News on Cannabis and Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia treatment

Over 10 million Americans suffer from fibromyalgia and know too well how real the pain of their condition can be. There is no known cure for this long-term chronic disorder, and due to the lack of objective tests, some doctors question whether it even exists. Although it’s now more widely accepted in the medical community, symptoms like general fatigue and tiredness can’t be measured with tests, making fibromyalgia treatment hard to come by. But a new Israeli study says cannabis could offer the hope that patients need.

New Study on Cannabis as a Fibromyalgia Treatment

Fibromyalgia is a chronic medical disorder that is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain. It affects 3% to 6% of the world population, with around 80% of patients being female. While the study didn’t conclude that cannabis can cure the condition, it did find that it’s a good option for treating severe symptoms like pain. Cannabis can also help with many other fibromyalgia symptoms, including problems with sleep, fatigue, depression, and changes in mood.

Fibromyalgia treatment 1

While it’s widely accepted that cannabis can treat many forms of chronic pain, there haven’t been many studies that specifically look at the role it can play in treating fibromyalgia. Most patients are limited to a pharmaceutical cocktail of opiates, sleep aids, and antidepressants to find relief, but these treatments tend to be insufficient. This study sheds light on an exciting new option for a condition that is notorious for being difficult to treat.

Fibromyalgia Treatment Study Results

The study was conducted by Israeli researchers from the Department of Rheumatology at Rabin Medical Center. It’s the first and largest clinical trial to look at herbal cannabis in fibromyalgia patients and included 367 participants. The results proved to be overwhelmingly positive.

Fibromyalgia treatment 2

Patients in the study reported that after six months, their average pain level was reduced scientifically from a severe 9/10 to a manageable 5/10. Most patients experienced a positive response and a change in their quality of life from poor to good or very good. Researchers reported that:

  • 81.1% of patients experienced symptom improvement
  • 73.4% experienced better sleep
  • 80.8% experienced depression relief
  • 61.9% improved their overall quality of life

Cannabis: A Therapy With Few Side Effects

Study participants reported very few mild side effects, ranging from dry mouth to dizziness in less than 10% of patients. Researchers concluded that medical cannabis seems to be an effective and safe alternative to traditional drugs.

Researchers also noted that cannabis is a worthwhile treatment option for pain because of the low risk for addiction and negative side effects compared to opioids. They emphasized the importance of further research because of the potential for cannabis to treat other debilitating symptoms like depression and anxiety.

Fibromyalgia treatment 3

Many medical professionals are hopeful that cannabis could become the new go-to therapy option for treating fibromyalgia. It’s a safe and effective option for all patients but has an especially high potential for those who haven’t been successful with standard pharmacological therapies, and people who suffer a very poor quality of life.

If you want to learn more about treating pain with high-quality cannabis, we’d love to help. Schedule an appointment today or drop by. We’re happy to answer all of your questions and get you started on the road to better health.

Rest and Relaxation: The Best Terpenes for Anxiety

Terpenes for Anxiety

As many cannabis consumers are aware, cannabis is known for being an ideal medicine in the treatment of anxiety. However, most patients are completely unaware of the reasons for this, or the special chemicals that imbue cannabis with its reputation for inducing calm and relaxation. 

The answer lies with compounds called terpenes which exist in every strain of cannabis, as well as many other organic materials. Terpenes lend cannabis its distinct characteristics, which range from eliciting a lovely flavor of strawberry to anti-inflammatory effects that relieve pain and promote restfulness. Here are some of the most common terpenes for anxiety you’ll find in many strains of cannabis today.

3 Good Terpenes for Anxiety


Terpenes for Anxiety 1

Limonene is a unique terpene found in cannabis strains that elicits the sensation of citrus whenever it is encountered. Derived from the oil of citrus peels, such as lemon or oranges, limonene is known as one of the best terpenes for anxiety, as strains enhanced with limonene are known to relieve paranoia or restlessness. 

Some preliminary research has begun to show that limonene is a potential anti-depressant, which sheds light on this terpene’s presence in famous strains aimed at combating depression like Super Lemon Haze. Limonene-laden strains are also employed in the treatment of certain types of cancer, making this terpene applicable to a wide variety of situations.


Terpenes for Anxiety 2

While caryophyllene might be associated with harsher flavors like garlic and pepper, its anti-inflammatory power makes this one of the ideal terpenes for anxiety. Strains that employ caryophyllene are known to be some of the most restful, calming strains currently available on the market, and can be used to treat conditions ranging from arthritis to Alzheimer’s. 

Researchers studying cannabis since the dawn of legalization in America were surprised to discover that caryophyllene interacts with cannabinoid receptors in the body, despite not being a cannabinoid. This finding paved the way for further research into the properties of terpenes and how they could be used to modify the effects of cannabis strains to offer patients a more vast range of options for treatment. 


Terpenes for Anxiety 3

Myrcene is one of the more interesting terpenes found in cannabis, as its origins can be traced to a wide variety of herbs used in the holistic treatment of pain and inflammation. Found in famous strains from Harlequin to Cannatonic, Myrcene is perhaps the most potent terpene for anxiety currently available to cannabis consumers.

The most noteworthy property of this peculiar terpene is the way it interacts with the THC naturally occurring within cannabis. While myrcene is typically encountered in the form of plants like thyme, when encountered in cannabis this chemical has the potential to supercharge the effects of THC, producing a much more effective and longer-lasting high. That’s why myrcene-imbued strains are considered to be some of the most potent.

We need more research to learn whether the benefits of terpenes are the same for the terpenes in cannabis, but the future looks promising.

To experiment with terpenes yourself, stop by our Columbia, MD, dispensary. We look forward to helping you!

Vendor Spotlight: Curio Wellness

Curio Wellness

For this week’s vendor spotlight, we would like to take a moment to acknowledge one of the leading brands in Maryland medical cannabis – Curio Wellness. 

Curio Wellness – Where Cannabis Meets Science

Curio Wellness 1

As a Maryland cannabis company, Curio is devoted to providing area patients with premium cannabis products that are safe and reliable.

Curio’s scientifically-driven approach to medical cannabis blurs the lines between pharmaceutical and holistic medicine. Their products seek to guide patients towards more meaningful and productive experiences with cannabis. From their award-winning topical balms to their savory and long-lasting vapes, the Curio touch is obvious in each of their products. 

Curio understands that each patient is different and that their needs will vary. To ensure that everyone that qualifies is able to utilize cannabis as part of their health plan, they’ve created a variety of products. Even if you don’t want to smoke or vape, you can use Curio products to manage your condition.

Some of Our Favorite Curio Wellness Products

Thanks to Curio’s extensive lineup of superb cannabis products, it’s hard to choose just a few, but here are some of our favorite Curio Wellness products that you can find right here in our store

Dixie Synergy Heat-Warming Balm

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Source: Curio Wellness

Dixie’s Synergy Heat-Warming Balm won Leafly’s 2018 Best Topical category for the state of Maryland. Created in collaboration with partner company Dixie Elixirs, this topical balm produces a deep, penetrating warmth that melts away muscle fatigue, swelling, and discomfort. Crafted from a revitalizing fusion of over 200 essential oils, Dixie’s Warming Balm provides healing as well as aromatherapy benefits. The effects of this cream can be felt within 30 minutes and can last for as long as 6 hours. Moreover, although this topical contains a 1:1 ratio of THC/CBD (50mg:50mg), it produces no psychoactive effects. 

Curio Ginger Lemon Drops

Curio Wellness 3
Source: Curio Wellness

Curio’s Lemon Ginger Drops are precisely infused with high-THC CO2 distillate derived from nothing but Curio’s award-winning top-shelf flower. Made with natural flavor and colors, these lemon drops are vegan-safe. Available in both 10 mg ad 20 mg sizes, these drops can provide relief with both mild and strong euphoric effects. These medicated drops can be conveniently chewed to produce effects within 60-90 minutes that can last for roughly 3-5 hours. 

Curio Vape

Curio Wellness 4
Source: Curio Wellness

The Curio Vape is processed from nothing but Curio’s award-winning top-shelf flower. All of Curio’s top-shelf flower is grown in their state-of-the-art growing facility stocked with industry-leading HVAC and water systems. Named the Best Flower Product in Maryland in 2018 by Leafly, their flower is a clear step above the competition when it comes to consistent flavor and potency. 

Rest assured that the impeccable quality of Curio’s flowers can be tasted and felt in their vaporizers. Thanks to their clean CO2 extraction process, Curio’s extracts are free of additives and fillers. Furthermore, all of Curio’s extracts are manufactured using pharma-grade equipment and are enhanced with whole-cannabis terpenes.

You can find high-quality Curio products at your favorite Columbia dispensary. Stop by or order online now.

On The Cutting Edge of Cannabis: Transdermal Patches

Transdermal Patches

If newfangled cannabis products like concentrates, edibles, and extracts already make your head spin, get ready for transdermal patches. They’re a whole new way to get the gentle, long-lasting and effective relief of cannabis medicine: no smoking, vaping, drops or measuring required!

You may already be familiar with topicals. They’re the class of cannabis-infused balms, salves, oils, and liniments that apply the cannabis plant’s anti-inflammatory and other healing properties to sore and aching muscles and skin. Transdermal patches are similar, but there are some important differences to be aware of. We’ll explain them in detail, and suggest some instances in which you might want to try transdermal patches and others in which you might want to stick with topicals. 

Transdermal Patches: How They Work

While cannabis topicals are designed to apply the cannabis plant’s “active ingredients”—the dozens of cannabinoids and terpenes that work in concert on our bodies and minds—directly to the site of aches and pains, transdermal patches use the same approach for a very different result.

Transdermal Patches on skin

While transdermal patches are applied directly to the skin just like topicals, they’re typically designed to allow specific cannabinoids to pass through the skin and from there into the bloodstream. By comparison, the active ingredients in topicals don’t typically reach the bloodstream.

One useful way to think about transdermal patches vs topicals is that while topicals deliver cannabis medicine directly where they’re applied through your skin, transdermal patches deliver cannabis medicine to your entire body through your skin. 

Transdermal Patches: What You Need to Know

Because transdermal patches allow cannabis medicine to reach the bloodstream, products containing the cannabinoid THC will be psychoactive (meaning they will make you feel “high”).

Transdermal Patches examples
Source: Manna Molecular

That said, many users report that the nature of this psychoactivity is different from that experienced with smoked or vaped cannabis, and especially from the often stronger psychoactivity associated cannabis-infused edibles. Think of the effect of transdermal patches as a gentle, time-release approach to cannabis medicine and you’ll begin to get the idea. 

There are other distinctions between transdermal patches and other administration methods. For one thing, the patches typically deliver a very specific cannabinoid or combination of cannabinoids, not the “full-spectrum” we receive through many other approaches. Nor do they deliver terpenes, the non-psychoactive compounds that give strains of cannabis (and many other natural substances) their characteristic aromas and flavors. 

Transdermal Patches: Targeted Medicine for Specific Results

While there’s a growing body of evidence suggesting that terpenes are medically useful, the fact that transdermal patches deliver only carefully targeted cannabinoids is deliberate. It allows manufacturers to design patches with very specific outcomes and goals in mind. Remedy Columbia currently stocks transdermal patches made to fight muscle spasms, insomnia, inflammation, and a host of other conditions. 

Transdermal Patch package
Source: Leafly

In addition to patches containing CBD, THC and a blend of the two, we’re excited to be carrying products containing CBN. This cannabinoid is only now stepping into the spotlight, but its demonstrated effects include mild sedation, pain relief, and anti-inflammatory action. It’s likely you’ll hear a lot more about this cannabinoid in the months and years to come.

We’d love to tell you more about transdermal patches and the specific ways they might help you find relief from symptoms and chronic conditions. Stop by our dispensary or drop us a line; we’d love to help!

Terpene Profile: Limonene, Uplifting Medicine from Cannabis


If you visit our blog with any regularity, you’ll recognize the term “terpenes.” They’re the fragrant oils that give different strains of cannabis, not to mention many other plants and natural substances, their characteristic aromas and flavors.

Terpenes aren’t the only “active ingredients” in the cannabis plant—that crown goes to cannabinoids such as THC and CBD—but they’re among the most important. Besides determining the dominant aromatic and flavor characteristics of any given cannabis plant, the terpenes—of which there are over 200 in cannabis!—have medical attributes as well, bringing their own unique healing properties to bear.

We’ve written previously about myrcene—the most abundant and arguably most important terpene—but there are many, many more. Today we’ll look at limonene, one of the most distinctive of the terpenes. As you might suspect, it has a characteristic lemony aroma, but there’s much more to the story than just a pretty smell.

Limonene: What Does It Do For Us?

Limonene is found primarily in citrus—particularly orange—rinds, and it’s been used in medicines, foods, and natural cleaning products for many decades.

Limonene citrus terpene

Though many primary terpenes such as pinene exhibit anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in our bodies, one of limonene’s greatest strengths may be that it’s a “helper terpene,” helping facilitate the absorption of other terpenes through our skin, our mucous membranes and our gut. 

That last part of the body is important. As is increasingly becoming clear, the gut is in many ways a “second brain,” playing a large part in our body’s regulatory functions and even emotions. Limonene may help maintain healthy digestion and gut function; some other potential benefits currently under study include:

Limonene for belly

Anti-Cancer: Fighting cancer remains one of the medical world’s highest aims, and—as with many other terpenes—limonene may have a role to play. Two studies completed by the University of Arizona suggested that limonene not only helps modulate our immune system—an important role in fighting any disease, not just cancer—but may also play a direct role in controlling the spread of certain cancers themselves

Anti-Fungal: Again, as with many other terpenes, a study suggests that limonene can exhibit powerful antifungal properties. Because it absorbs easily through the skin, it may have a role to play in treating stubborn fungal infections like athlete’s foot and yeast outbreaks.

Mood Uplift: Anecdotally, many users report that limonene helps impart a generalized feeling of uplift and well-being. That’s certainly the case with high-limonene cannabis strains, as we’ll see below….

Cannabis Strains with High Limonene Content

Limonene is one of the “primary terpenes,” and it’s abundant in many cannabis strains. That said, not all strains containing limonene smell like lemon; sometimes you’ll detect a more subtle citrus scent, or even not one at all! While we need more research to determine the effectiveness of limonene for cannabis, the terpene still imparts a lovely aroma and energetic effect.

Limonene in cannabis

Strains with “lemon” in their name are a good indicator of limonene content. Others include: 

Strawberry Diesel: A versatile hybrid strain, it’s well-loved for its daytime usability—it doesn’t tend to leave you groggy—and it’s also good for fighting insomnia. But go slow: This strain is fast-acting and can be intense if you overindulge.

White Fire OG: This strain is popular in social situations or as a creative prompt. Some love it for its anxiety- and depression-fighting qualities, and many medical patients turn to it for relief from symptoms related to treatment for cancer. 

OG Kush: This is a potent, high-THC strain, and for many, the piney, spicy and earthy aromas are the epitome of “dank.” It’s known for a strong euphoria and general uplift, but be cautious: It can exhibit powerful “couch-lock”!

If you’d like to learn more about strains or products with limonene, stop by your favorite Columbia dispensary!

Why Understanding the Difference Between THC vs CBD Matters


If you follow developments in the world of cannabis at all, you’ve probably heard a lot about CBD lately: it’s good for anxiety; you can add it to your coffee; it’s completely legal!

The list goes on and on. CBD is a big deal, and for good reason. As the second most common cannabinoid—or “active ingredient”—in cannabis, it does as much as its more common cousin—good old THC—and then some. 

But while these two compounds are incredibly similar, they interact with our bodies in very different ways. So let’s dive in—with validated facts, not rumors—to the straight dope about THC vs CBD.

THC vs CBD: What’s the Difference?

Strangely enough, on a molecular and chemical level, CBD and THC are nearly identical. In fact, it’s just a difference of one atom—the smallest possible particle of any chemical—that separates them. That said, that single atom makes a whole lot of difference.

THC vs CBD molecules

From the user’s point of view, the major difference between THC vs CBD is that, unlike THC, CBD doesn’t make you feel high. In fact, of the 113 cannabinoids that have been identified in marijuana, THC is the only one responsible for intoxication (aka “being high”).

But beyond the euphoria of feeling stoned, behind the scenes, these two cannabinoids affect your body in very different ways. Generally speaking, THC is associated with feelings of sedation. Some of its other major effects include:

By comparison, CBD tends to have an energizing effect; that’s one reason many cannabis fans save it for daytime use. Some of its other major effects include:

You may have noticed that THC and CBD address some of the same symptoms—such as pain relief—or play a role in treating broadly similar ones, like relief from both insomnia and depression. What gives?

THC vs CBD: Better Together or Apart?

While some of us might prefer the euphoria associated with THC (and some of us would prefer no psychoactivity at all), these two cannabinoids may be more effective together than separate.

THC vs CBD cb1 and cb2 receptors

Why? Both THC and CBD interact with specialized receptors in your body called CB1 and CB2. While both cannabinoids will bind fairly easily to the CB2 receptor, CBD interacts quite differently than THC with the CB1 receptor (the one responsible for the euphoric feeling of being high). CBD doesn’t readily bind with CB1 receptors, but when it’s paired with THC, it can help strengthen some of THC’s qualities. 

What does this mean for you? For one, CBD will tend to enhance some of THC’s pain-fighting and anti-inflammatory properties. For another, the presence of CBD actually helps diminish some potentially uncomfortable feelings caused by THC, which may include paranoia—or even psychosis—in extreme cases of overconsumption.

But how can you predict what sort of effect any given cannabis is going to have? That’s where ratios come in. 

THC vs CBD: Why Cannabinoid Ratios Are so Important

All the cannabis we sell here is clearly labeled with the ratio between its two major cannabinoids, THC and CBD. While the ratios will change based on the specific characteristics of a given plant, we can separate them into three broad categories:

  • High THC / low CBD (10-30% THC, trace amounts of CBD)
  • Balanced CBD/THC (5-15% each THC and CBD)
  • High CBD / low THC (5-20% CBD, THC under 5%)
THC vs CBD measuring up

At a high THC / low CBD ratio, you can expect much more of the sedation and euphoria associated with THC. For those sensitive to this cannabinoid, side effects may include dizziness, anxiety, and paranoia.

At a roughly balanced ratio, the effects of the two cannabinoids tend to equalize each other. Balanced ratios are generally best for pain relief, and for those who don’t mind some euphoric effects (but aren’t interested in full-blown intoxication).

Finally, there are high-CBD ratios. Many users report that the effects of this type of cannabis are almost imperceptible; perhaps you’ll feel a mild buzziness or extra focus. You’ll get little of THC’s muscle-relaxing power, but CBD’s pain and inflammation-fighting qualities will be in full effect.

There are many other ways to look at cannabis and assess its effect on our bodies. But understanding the difference between THC vs CBD is perhaps the most useful one. And once you do, you’ll be an educated consumer—a cannasseur!—and most importantly, you’ll know what kinds of cannabis best suits your needs.

Still want help? No problem! Schedule an appointment today and we’ll help you find the strain or product to help meet your needs.